Ciolek, 25, is a former under-23 world road race champion who won a stage of the Vuelta a Espana in 2009.
He joins the team from Omega Pharma-Quick Step.
“This is our biggest signing for the team and for our European program,” team principal Douglas Ryder said.
“Our team is all about raising awareness to the cycling talent in Africa and to mobilising people on bicycles through MTN-Qhubeka and Gerald’s signing will go a long way in helping raise the awareness to our project and in winning races. We are incredibly excited about the future.”
Ciolek is the second recruit from a UCI ProTeam, following Lithuanian Ignatas Konovalovas, for MTN-Qhubeka who are in the process of registering as a UCI Professional Continental team for 2013.