Announcing next year's home international schedule for 2013, the England and Wales Cricket Board also said Cardiff, Edgbaston and The Oval will be host venues for the ICC Champions Trophy which will be staged in England for the first time since 2004.
Edgbaston will host the final on June 23.
"The prospect of England defending the Ashes on home soil, the world's top eight teams competing in the ICC Champions Trophy, and a full programme of 50-over and T20 international cricket will provide rich pickings for cricket fans next summer," ECB chief executive David Collier said in a statement.
The Ashes series will start at Trent Bridge on July 10 with subsequent Tests scheduled for Lord's, Old Trafford, Durham and The Oval.
Lord's will also host the first Test of the English summer against New Zealand starting on May 16 with the second at Headingley on May 24.
The two teams will meet again in three one-day internationals and two T20 matches.
Ashes matches v Australia:
July 10-14 - Trent Bridge
July 18-22 - Lord's
August 1-5 - Old Trafford
August 9-13 - Durham
August 21-25 - The Oval