James, who has won three of the last four league MVP awards, earned first team honors for a fifth consecutive season and sixth overall since entering the National Basketball Association (NBA) in 2003.
The eight-time All-Star ranked third in the NBA in scoring, averaging 27.1 per game in the 2011-12 season, and paced the Heat in assists, with an average of 6.2 per game.
Durant gained All-NBA first team selection for a third time after leading the league in scoring (28 points per game) for a third straight year. He scored at least 40 points four times, including a career-high 51 against the Denver Nuggets.
Magic center Howard, who led the league in rebounding with a career-high average of 14.5 per game and also in field goal percentage (.573), won All-NBA first team honors for a fifth consecutive season.
Bryant was chosen for the seventh consecutive season and 10th time in his career while fellow guard Paul, who paced the league in steals with an average of 2.53 per game, gained the honor for a second time.
The teams were selected by a panel of 120 journalists in the United States and Canada.